NOT FOR PUBLICATION
IN THE INTERMEDIATE COURT OF APPEALS
OF HAWAI`I, Plaintiff-Appellee, v.
SIXTO MANUEL, Defendant-Appellant
FROM THE FIRST CIRCUIT COURT
(CR. NO. 00-1-2103)
SUMMARY DISPOSITION ORDER
(By: Burns, C.J., Watanabe and Foley, JJ.)
In the points of error section of his Amended Opening Brief, (3) Manuel contends (1) the circuit court erred by denying his Motion for Bill of Particulars, (2) the State failed to present exonerating evidence to the grand jury, (3) the circuit court erred by retrying him on the same charges after his first trial, (4) the circuit court erred in its ruling on Manuel's motion in limine regarding the previous Hawaii Rules of Evidence Rule 404(B) stipulation, (5) the circuit court improperly limited expert witness testimony, (6) contradictory testimony by a complaining witness established there was insufficient evidence to convict Manuel, and (7) the Prosecutor committed prosecutorial misconduct.
However, in the argument section of his Amended Opening Brief, Manuel presents arguments on only the denial of his motion for a bill of particulars, the circuit court's failure to give a specific unanimity instruction on all sexual acts charged, and prosecutorial misconduct.
Manuel's points of error (2) failure to present exonerating evidence to the grand jury, (3) acquittal of one-third of the charges after the first trial, (4) motion in limine re previous HRE 404(B) stipulation, and (5) limitation on expert witness testimony are deemed waived pursuant to Hawai`i Rules of Appellate Procedure (HRAP) Rule 28(b)(7). (4)
Manuel's argument on the failure to give a unanimity instruction to the jury is not addressed or raised as a point of error; therefore, it will be disregarded pursuant to HRAP Rule 28(b)(4). (5)
Turning to Manuel's contention that the circuit court erred in denying his Motion for Bill of Particulars, filed January 4, 2001, we note that
[p]ursuant to Hawai`i Rules of Penal Procedure (HRPP) 7(g) , it is within the trial court's discretion to direct the prosecution to file a bill of particulars informing the defendant of the specifics of the charges he must defend against at trial. The court's discretion should be exercised in light of the purposes of a bill of particulars, which is designed to enable the defendant to prepare for trial and prevent surprise.State v. Reed, 77 Hawai`i 72, 78, 881 P.2d 1218, 1224 (1994) (internal quotation marks, citations, and brackets in original omitted).
In State v. Arceo, 84 Hawai`i 1, 928 P.2d 843 (1996), the Hawai`i Supreme Court stated:
Id. at 13, 928 P.2d at 855 (internal quotation marks, citation, and brackets omitted). The circuit court therefore did not abuse its discretion in not directing the State to file a bill of particulars as a bill of particulars was not required to enable Manuel to prepare for trial and prevent surprise.
Manuel's contention that remarks made by the Prosecutor during her closing argument were prosecutorial misconduct that prejudiced his right to a fair trial is without merit.
The Judgment filed on October 17, 2001 in the Circuit Court of the First Circuit is affirmed.
DATED: Honolulu, Hawai`i, February 28, 2005.
Andre' S. Wooten
James M. Anderson,
Deputy Prosecuting Attorney,
City and County of Honolulu,
1. The Honorable Gail C. Nakatani presided.
2. Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS) § 707-732 (1993) provides in relevant part:
. . . .
(b) The person knowingly subjects to sexual contact another person who is less than fourteen years old or causes such a person to have sexual contact with the person[.]
. . . .
(2) Sexual assault in the third degree is a class C felony.
3. Defendant-Appellant Sixto Manuel's Amended Opening Brief fails to comply with Hawai`i Rules of Appellate Procedure (HRAP) Rule 32(b) (argument on pp. 13-15 is single spaced); Rule 28(b)(3) (transcript cites unreliable, e.g., p. 13, line 3 should read "7/9/01 TR at 6-7"; point of error A. cites to 10/10/00 transcript pages instead of record on appeal pages); Rule 28(b)(7) (no case names or citations to case quotations in argument section at pp. 21-29 & 34); and Rule 28(b)(11) (no statement of related cases attached). Manuel's counsel was warned on October 21, 2004 that future violations of HRAP Rule 28 "may" result in sanctions against him. Counsel is hereby warned that future violations of HRAP Rules 32(b) and 28 will result in sanctions against him.
4. HRAP Rule 28(b)(7) provides:
. . . .
5. HRAP Rule 28(b)(4) provides:
. . . .
(4) A concise statement of the points of error set forth in separately numbered paragraphs. Each point shall state: (i) the alleged error committed by the court or agency; (ii) where in the record the alleged error occurred; and (iii) where in the record the alleged error was objected to or the manner in which the alleged error was brought to the attention of the court or agency. Where applicable, each point shall also include the following:
(B) when the point involves a jury instruction, a quotation of the instruction, given, refused, or modified, together with the objection urged at the trial;
(D) when the point involves a ruling upon the report of a master, a quotation of the objection to the report.